- B.A., University of California San Diego, 2007 (Psychology)
- M.A., University of Southern Mississippi, 2011 (Experimental Psychology)
- Ph.D., University of Southern Mississippi, 2012 (Experimental Psychology)
My ongoing research plan is to investigate whether species-specific personality traits influence how an animal not only copes with stress but also how the animal expresses its internal state, such as pleasure or fear, in order to enhance animal-based measurements of welfare. Knowledge of individual differences in personality may allow animal caretakers to gauge social compatibility, customize environmental enrichment, and identify individuals more susceptible or resilient to environment/social stress.