Fertilization and fertility; gamete membrane interaction at the molecular level, including species comparisons and species variation; effect of environmental stresses; Sertoli cell proliferation and testicular development. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology
Husbandry, behavior, and welfare of small to large scale poultry operations; effects of housing design and management techniques on laying hens and broilers; development of on-farm assessment tools. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Avian Sciences
Development of statistical methods, computational algorithms and software tools for quantitative and statistical genetics. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Integrative Genetics and Genomics
Research: Shellfish Sanitation, Computer Sanitation Modeling and Computer Simulation Software, associated with shellfish growing area evaluation and regulatory optimization of growing area harvest; Aquatic Animal Welfare and Humane Slaughter of Finfish. Cooperative Extension Outreach: Freshwater and Marine Aquaculture System Management and Production Technologies; Aquaculture Regulatory and Public Policy; Computer analysis and support for industry and regulatory agencies for shellfish sanitation analysis for shellfish growing areas; and Aquatic Animal Welfare.
Social science and animal agriculture; policy, programs, and attitudes on animal agriculture from production through consumption; animal agriculture and climate change; animal welfare.
Reproductive and developmental biology. Paracrine and endocrine regulation of follicle and oocyte development and carry over effects of adverse environments during folliculogenesis on embryonic development. Biology of ovarian oocyte progenitor cells (oogonial stem cells) and their potential to improve and restore female fertility. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Molecular, Cellular and Integrative Physiology
Ruminant nutrition of dairy cattle; mammary gland synthesis of milk protein and fat; nutrient digestion, absorption, and metabolism; evaluation of by-product feedstuffs and forage quality. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Nutritional Biology
Mathematical and statistical applications mainly in nutrition, environment, sustainability, and management systems. Research incorporates information from modeling, in vitro, and in vivo experiments as well as other datasets. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; International Agricultural Development; Nutritional Biology
The driving force in my current research program is to be at the forefront of environmental and production sustainability and ecological integrity. To achieve this vision my research is focused into three distinct, yet overlapping applied research themes; (1) Aquaculture, (2) Invasion Biology and (3) Environmental/Ecological Toxicology. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Ecology
Improving nutrition of ruminants through study of the microbes of the rumen; increasing supply of microbial protein available to animal digestion; discovering biochemical pathways that microbes use to ferment carbohydrates in feed.
Application of cultivation- independent and cultivation- based approaches to obtain a multi- scale (from molecule to cell to population to ecosystem) understanding of microbial systems. Study how microbial systems respond to environmental changes and affect their habitats. Identification of microbes and microbial proteins of industrial and medical relevance. Elucidating the biology of anaerobic fungi and their role during anaerobic digestion of biomass. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Biological Systems Engineering; Microbiology
Investigate the ontogeny and heritability of species-specific personality traits among domestic farm animals; evaluate the relationship between personality traits and an individual’s ability to cope with environmental and/or social stress (i.e., biological health and psychological state). Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Animal Behavior
Hormonal regulation of mammary gland growth, lactation, and breast cancer with interests in ovarian and pituitary hormone functions; role of the stromal environment in cell function; and across- species differences in milk production, mammary gland biology, hormone function and breast cancer risk. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Integrative Genetics and Genomics; International Agricultural Development; Nutritional Biology
Conservation ecology; population genetics; phylogeography; threatened and endangered species; migration ecology; raptor biology. Graduate Groups: Avian Sciences; Ecology
Sustainable animal agriculture; energy and nutrient requirement/utilization of farm animals; environmental impact of animal agriculture including modeling greenhouse gas emissions from livestock; tropical animal agriculture. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Ecology; International Agriculture and Development
Natural antioxidants, prevention of lipid oxidation in poultry meat and its products, use of fruit and vegetable by-products as poultry feed ingredients; determination of cholesterol oxides. Graduate Groups: Agricultural and Food Chemistry; Avian Sciences; Food Science
Impact of nutrition on immunobiology and disease resistance; immunologic basis of stress; nutrition and metabolic adaptation required by carnivorous, granivorous, and nectivorous birds. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Avian Sciences; Immunology
Aquatic Biology, Evolutionary Physiology and Genomics, Fish Osmoregulation, Environmental Stress Response, Global Environmental Change, Comparative Proteomics; Identification and characterization of key molecular mechanisms conferring environmental stress resistance and why these mechanisms are effective in some animals and cell types while weak in others. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Genetics; Ecology; Molecular, Cellular and Integrative Physiology
Evaluation of feed ingredients and additives as potential alternatives to antibiotics for use in the animal agricultural industry; address public concerns about antimicrobial resistance and help the animal industry deploy feed-based health technologies to improve animal health. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Nutritional Biology
Applied genetic engineering and gene editing; development and use of animal models of disease, translation of the use of genetically engineered ruminant milk to improve animal and human health, health and well- being of transgenic animals, role of intestinal microbiota on health and resistance to infection; relationship between casein genotypes and goat milk quality. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Food Science
Animal behavior, animal welfare, poultry housing and management. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Animal Behavior; Avian Sciences
Conservation biology; population genetics of natural populations, threatened and endangered species; genetic mapping of quantitative trait loci; genomic manipulation of commercially important aquatic species; effect of environmental stressors on natural gene pools. Career Guidance in the Biological Sciences.
Improving equine management, behavior and welfare with a specific interest in donkeys, mules, hinnies and working equids in developing countries. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology
Analyses of production, collection, storage, transportation, and utilization of nutrients and water on dairies. Extension activities focus on environmental stewardship education of policy makers and other stakeholders. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology
Physiology; musculoskeletal biology; development, maturation, and repair; extracellular matrix/niche organization; tissue engineering; stem/progenitor cell biology; functional genomics; mouse model; equine; poultry; livestock. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology, Integrative Genetics and Genomics, Integrative Pathobiology
Animal genetics and genomics; conservation and ecological genetics and genomics; genomics and bioinformatics technology development; salmonid fishes. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Ecology; Integrative Genetics and Genomics
Research focus is on sustainable livestock agriculture, with primary focus on livestock’s contribution to air quality impairment and climate change and related mitigation. Furthermore, we study the implications of air emissions on the health/welfare and safety of workers and livestock. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Animal Behavior; Ecology; Agricultural Chemistry
Genetic engineering and gene editing of animals for use in agriculture, improving the technologies associated with cloning and the production of transgenic animals, modification of anti- microbial, functional and lipid characteristics of milk, characterization of and applications of mesenchymal stem cells; equine genomics. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Integrative Genetics and Genomics
Cell and molecular control of animal growth; investigation of the genetic causes of traits especially disease in cattle and dogs. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Integrative Genetics and Genomics; Molecular, Cellular and Integrative Physiology; Forensics
Animal management systems; resource use in animal agriculture; beef cattle growth. Outreach programs include: Computer decision support software; beef quality assurance; life cycle analysis for cattle and sheep ranches. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Nutritional Biology, International Agricultural Development
Effectiveness of teaching methodologies and technologies as they apply to animal science courses; pedagogically sound approaches to curriculum and course development for traditional and non- traditional animal science students; applied livestock nutrition focusing on use of alternative feed ingredients. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology
Application of assisted reproductive technologies in animal production systems. Epigenetic mechanisms controlling early embryonic development and pluripotency. Functional genomics of preimplantation development using next generation sequencing. Embryo genetic engineering and blastocyst complementation. Embryonic stem cell (ESC) biology and induction of pluripotency by defined factors (iPSC). Functional annotation of animal genomes (FAANG). Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Integrative Genetics and Genomics
Applying genetic and genomic techniques to answer ecological or evolutionary questions about wild populations, conservation of threatened and endangered species, genetic management of conservation and commercial aquaculture, animal polyploidy. Graduate Groups: Ecology; Integrative Genetics and Genomics
Research focus on stress physiology with an interest in understanding the molecular, biochemical and physiological mechanisms that underlie an animal’s capacity to cope with environmental change. We study vulnerability to multiple stressors in the context of conservation of aquatic species and managing stress in sustainable aquaculture. Graduate Groups: Animal Behavior; Animal Biology; Ecology
Animal welfare, animal behavior, effects of housing design and environmental conditions on dairy and beef cattle. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Animal Behavior
Enhancing the nutritional and health value of animal-sourced foods for human consumption; Developing nutritional and management strategies to enhance the level of bioactive nutrients in animal-sourced foods; Examining health effects of functional/nutritionally enhanced animal-sourced foods using cell culture, animal models and clinical trials; Studying how animal-sourced foods foster human health (i.e. prevent chronic diseases and nutrient deficiencies), and their role in food security.
Use of biotechnologies in animal agriculture, marker-assisted selection in cattle, cloned and transgenic or genetically engineered animals, gene editing in animals, science communication. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Integrative Genetics and Genomics
Meat safety, meat quality, shelf life of meat and meat products, postharvest foodborne pathogen control, characterizing pathogen and whole microbial community profiles present in meat production chain, effect of feeding system on degree of antimicrobial resistance and pathogen prevalence in livestock and poultry. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Food Science
Investigation of molecular and cellular mechanisms of host- pathogen interaction and disease resistance using genetic, epigenomic and bioinformatic approaches in poultry. Functional annotation of animal genomes by integrating ChIP-seq, ATAC-seq, Methyl-seq and RNA-seq etc. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology; Avian Sciences; Integrative Genetics and Genomics; Immunology; Microbiology
Nutrition, health, and management of feedlot cattle. Graduate Groups: Animal Biology